It is literally a ton of weight on the shoulders of authorities of Tamil Nadu in southern India. The temple elephants kept for religious reasons in the state are getting obese, and now their keepers are planning a strict diet and exercise regime to bring the jumbos back into shape.

Temple elephants unlike their wild counterparts are an over pampered lot. Apart from their daily diet of tones of husk and fruits, the elephants are offered fruits and vegetables constantly by the over zealous  worshippers, trying to appease the lord. Elephants have a special place in Hindu mythology also because of Lord Ganesh, the elephant Lord.

But what has lately been observed is that without much exercise in the confined temple compounds and with the constant eating all the temple elephants in the state have gained huge amount of weight.

“The female temple elephant – 15 year-old Parvathi – is overweight by 500kg and efforts are on to reduce it,” said Pon Jayaraman, executive officer of the Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple.

Another elephant in the Kallazagar Temple weighs 700kg more than the optimum for its age, according to Ravindran, the Mahout of the 48-year-old female elephant -Madhuravalli.

Captive Weight

Vets point out that the weight issue of the temple elephants arises mainly because of their captive life. The main differences are,

  • The wild elephants have a daily diet of a variety of jungle food like fruits, berries, leaves, stems, etc. The temple jumbos are given the same diet everyday.
  • The wild elephants are never exposed to processed food and grains like rice, millet etc. while the temple elephants often eat wheat, rice, chapattis etc. They are also given excessive amounts of sugar in their diet coming from the sweets offered.
  • Wild elephants wander, trek uphill, cross streams and walk on a variety of terrain. Captive elephants in the temple are confined to the premises and even if they are taken on a daily walk, it is not more than a few kilometers each day which is too low. Contrarily, in the wilderness an elephant has to walk at least 20 sq km to find its daily food intake of around 250kg of plant matter.
  • Wild elephants are competing for nature’s resources with other animals. Temple elephants lose their survival skills and lead a sedentary life.

A senior forest veterinary officer in the state observed,

“In captivity, elephants eat constantly, and that coupled with lack of exercise makes the animals obese.”

Dr AJT John Singh, former director the Wildlife Institute of India, called the practice a “grave sin”.

“It’s like confining a solitary person in… the middle of the forest,” he said.  ”Elephants are social animals and have amazing social bonds with one another. Breaking that, and keeping the animal alone, is like solitary confinement, the greatest form of punishment to a human being.”

Many experts are of the opinion that it is not right to keep elephants in temples. In Tamil Nadu alone there are 37 temple elephants. Double the amount of elephants are present in the neighbouring state of Kerala.

Although temple athourities claim that the elephants are housed properly with a natural environment created for them, previous studies show that the accommodations are not suited for an elephant’s needs.

A reasonable option where both the temples worshippers and the elephants are happy would be, according to Dr John Singh, for several temples to join together to buy a patch of land with natural cover, water and food so that the animals can wander and be brought to the temple on festive occasions.

The elephants don’t really need the sweet offerings…just a sweet thought from our part to let them live in an environment that suits their wild needs.

More Rellated Stories,

Sensor to Save Jumbos from Being Hit by Train

First Centre to Help Captive Elephants of India

Temple Elephants head for Rejuvenation Camp

Reference Image 2 courtesy Elephantaidinternational

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About the author

Atula Gupta is the Founder and Editor of indiasendangered.com. She is also the Content Head of Junior Explorers that's helping connect kids with nature & wildlife through a fun learning experience. In the past, Atula has written for a number of international websites, dailies and magazines like Deccan Herald, New Indian Express, Down to Earth and Heritage India on issues related to environment and its conservation. She is also the author of Environment Science Essentials, a set of books for school children. She hopes this website provides a platform for people to be aware about species in the verge of extinction and heighten their conservation efforts.

4 Comments

  • Robin Rose says:

    This is for Atula Gupta. Thought you might like this video.

    http://www.skandavale.org/

    In Wales (UK)we have accommodation available to house and look after additional elephants. We have kind and experienced brothers and sisters to look after them and plenty of peaceful private land where they can grow up unharmed.
    Contact me if you know of elephants in need of a safe home.

  • Selva Raj Muniandy says:

    Visited Kanchipuram temple and feeded the elephants with vegetables and biscuits as recommended by care taker of the elephants. Glad to know that the care takers concerns about their diets but sadly in Thirupati temple the two elephants there so skinny and a lot of wounds that not treated. If this happen in my country (Malaysia) action will taken against those who are responsible of the elephants. Please do something to help this elephants.

    • Atula Gupta says:

      Thank you for your comment and your observation related to the elephants in Tirupati temple. Indeed, many times elephant health is neglected in temple premises, not just in tirupathi but in various other temples. It is a sad fate for an animal that has been given such a high status through religion and culture. However, many temple authorities, state governments and central government is now trying to change the way elephants are treated in temples. It is a move for the better. Personally, I would not want any elephants to be kept in temples at all and let them roam in the wild. While that may happen in future, a small positive step at a time is a good thing and undoubtedly Malaysia’s strict policies are a good reference point for India. Thanks again for your concern.

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