Here are some of the most amazing species of animals that are not only endemic to India but found only in one place in the country! Take a look…
1. Narcondam Hornbill
Found only in Narcondam Island, east of Andaman Islands
In the tiny 6.82 square km island of Narcondam in the Indian Ocean, lives this exceptionally beautiful species of hornbill easily recognisable with its velvet-black plumage and an oversized yellow beak. Experts say that the population of these birds are stable in the island undoubtedly because of minimum human interaction and presence.
2. Namdapha Flying Squirrel
Found only in Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
Dr. Shyamrup Biswas of the Zoological Survey India collected a unique
flying squirrel from Namdapha, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh in 1981. It was subsequently described as a new species called the Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi). Till date, there have been many photos taken presumably of this flying squirrel but they have not been scientifically authenticated.
The image above is the sample species collected by Dr. Biswas in 1981.
3. Kashmir Hangul (Kashmir Stag)
Found only in greater Dachigam landscape, Kashmir
Although Red Deer are commonly found around the world, this particular subspecies is only found in the Kashmir valleys of India and is not very easy to sight. They were once widely distributed in the Kashmir Himalayas, Chenab Valley of Jammu and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh, but are now only found in Dachigam, centering around the Dachigam National Park.
4. Andaman Cobra
Found only in Andaman and little Andaman Islands
The snake is seen mostly in the mangrove areas of the island and is highly venomous. It is very fast in its movement. Loves to feed on rodents, ducks and chicken egg.
5. Pygmy Hog
Found only in and around Manas National Park, Assam
This smallest wild pig in the world is not more than 25 cm tall! The pygmy hogs are said to be sensitive indicator species as their presence in an ecosystem shows that the grasslands and forest are healthy. Captive breeding program are being run in Assam to save these unique animals.
6. Sangai Deer
Found only in Loktak Lake, Manipur
The world’s only floating lake Loktak lake is also home to the world’s only deer that lives on this unusual habitat. The lake is made up of a floating biomass called ‘Phumdi’ and is the most important and unique part of Sangai’s habitat. It is the floating mass of entangled vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. Its thickness varies from few centimeters to two meters. It floats with 4/5 part under water. The deer walks on the hind surface of its pasterns with mincing hops over floating foliage, and is hence also called the Dancing Deer.
7. Gooty Tarantula
Found only in reserve forest between Nandyal and Giddalur, Andhra Pradesh
The beautiful tarantula is known by many names including the peacock spider because of its eclectic blue metallic colour resembling a peacock. It lives inside tree hollows and is hardly sighted. Because of growing need for timber, the forest where it lives is threatened and so is this beautiful spider.
8. Asiatic Wild Ass
Found only in Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
These are most horse-like species of the Ass. Found in the wide salt plans of the Rann of Kutch, they are arguably the fastest Indian animal, and can attain a top speed of 70-80 kmph.