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The IUCN recently released the list of critically endangered species of India. This includes birds and animals like the Jerdon’s courser, White Backed Vulture, the pygmy hog and more. 

Before you read the complete list of animals included, read further to know what the status critically endangered means. 

What is Critically Endangered?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has marked Critically Endangered (CR) to be the highest risk category given to any wild species. This means that the species population is so less that it can become extinct any time. 

There are five criteria that govern whether a species can be called CR or not. These are, 

  1. Populations have declined or will decrease, by greater than 80% over the last 10 years or three generations.
  2. Have a restricted geographical range.
  3. Small population size of less than 250 individuals and continuing decline at 25% in 3 years or one generation.
  4. Very small or restricted population of fewer than 50 mature individuals.
  5. High probability of extinction in the wild.

If any animal or plant species is found to be adhering to any of the above criteria, it is said to be critically endangered. 

Here are the 57 species of critically endangered animals of India. 

Birds

Forest Owlet

  

  1. Forest Owlet (Heteroglaux blewitti)
  2. Jerdon’s courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus)
  3. White-bellied Heron (Ardea insignis)
  4. White-backed Vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
  5. Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)
  6. Long-billed Vulture (Gyps indicus)
  7. Red- headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus)
  8. Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis)
  9. Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)
  10. Pink- headed Duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea)
  11.  Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarious)
  12. Spoon Billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus)
  13. Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus)

Mammals

Pygmy Hog

  1. Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania) and the Pygmy hog-sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri) The survival of this louse is dependent on the pygmy hog.
  2. Andaman White-toothed Shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)
  3. Jenkin’s Andaman Spiny Shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi)
  4. Nicobar White-tailed Shrew (Crocidura nicobarica)
  5. Kondana Rat (Millardia kondana)
  6. Large Rock Rat or Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira)
  7. Namdapha Flying Squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)
  8. Malabar Civet (Viverra civettina)
  9. Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)
  10.  Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus)

Reptiles

Gharial

  1. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
  2. Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
  3. Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  4. Four-toed River Terrapin or River Terrapin (Batagur baska)
  5. Red-crowned Roofed Turtle or the Bengal Roof Turtle (Batagur kachuga)
  6. Sispara day gecko (Cnemaspis sisparensis)

Amphibians

 

Anamalai Flying Frog

  1. Anamalai Flying Frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus)
  2. Gundia Indian Frog (Indirana gundia)
  3. Kerala Indian Frog (Indirana phrynoderma)
  4. Charles Darwin’s Frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini)
  5. Kottigehar Bubble-nest Frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis)
  6. Amboli Bush Frog (Pseudophilautus amboli)
  7. Chalazodes Bubble-Nest Frog (Raorchestes chalazodes)
  8. Small Bush Frog (Raorchestes chotta)
  9. Green-eyed Bush Frog (Raorchestes chlorosomma)
  10. Griet Bush Frog (Raorchestes griet)
  11. Kaikatt’s Bush Frog (Raorchestes kaikatti)
  12. Mark’s Bush Frog (Raorchestes marki)
  13. Munnar Bush Frog (Raorchestes munnarensis)
  14. Large Ponmudi Bush Frog (Raorchestes ponmudi)
  15. Resplendent Shrub Frog (Raorchestes resplendens)
  16. Sacred Grove Bush frog (Raorchestes sanctisilvaticus)
  17. Sushil’s Bush Frog (Raorchestes sushili)
  18. Shillong Bubble-nest Frog (Raorchestes shillongensis)
  19. Tiger toad (Xanthophryne tigerinus)

Fish

Pondicherry Shark

  1. The Pondicherry Shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon)
  2. Ganges Shark (Glyphis gangeticus)
  3. Knife-tooth Sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata)
  4. Large-tooth Sawfish (Pristis microdon)
  5. Long-comb Sawfish or Narrow-snout Sawfish (Pristis zijsron)

Spiders

Metallic Tarantula

  1. The Rameshwaram Ornamental or Rameshwaram Parachute Spider (Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica)
  2. The Gooty Tarantula, Metallic Tarantula or Peacock Tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica)

Corals

 

Fire Coral

  1. Fire corals (Millepora boschmai)

 List courtesy Zoological Survey of India 

- Atula Gupta  

 

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About the author

Atula Gupta is the founder and editor of indiasendangered.com She is a writer, traveler and nature-lover and writes for a number of international websites like theworldweshare.com, and reputed English Dailies like Deccan Herald and New Indian Express. Atula hopes this website provides a platform for people to be aware about species in the verge of extinction and heighten their conservation efforts.

35 Comments

  • shruti pathak says:

    thnx…u saved my evs project by providing such a detailed information :)

    • Atula says:

      Glad I could be of help…Shruti..:) Keep visitng to know more about endangered species.

      • Balakumar says:

        Dear Atula, can you provide me the endangered plant species.

        I have land at tamilnadu.
        My email id is bala_keddallu@hotmail.com

        • Atula says:

          Thank you Balakumar for your interest in planting endangered plants. I think you will get more information from Botanical survey of India as to which plants are suited for the tamil nadu climate. I will send you the list of plant species through mail, very soon.

  • prasanna says:

    Hi! Atula,
    I am a working sr. Manager in a french MNC (Imerys minerals). Under a sustainable Development program I wish to plant some endangered plant species in an area of 10 acres. Can you provide me such a list. also the source where I can find one. The area of plantation planned is 100 kms south of Pune (maharashtra). Also if you can suggest me any plant which can help in habitation of any endangered bird species.

    • Atula says:

      Hi Prasanna, First I congratulate you for your initiative. I will send you a detailed mail shortly with the list of plants you need. You will find that birds and other wildlife automatically make the forest cover their home if they find a safe habitat. Hope the project is a grand success.

  • Neelam Surve says:

    thanxxxxxxxxxx

  • ajit tiwari says:

    thnx,atula,fr ur effort on CR sps.i m faculty at rep institute.

  • krutarth says:

    hey thnx a lot i could use this info for my geo seminar!!!!!!!!!!!

  • vaishnavi says:

    Atula, thanks for these information….
    they helped me get A1 in geography!

  • prabhmeet says:

    i would be really grateful if u provide me a common list including all types of animals (reptiles, mammals etc.)

  • sam says:

    i’m really shocked on seeing this list!!actually i’m gathering information for my ppt on ecology.but i am very sad to know that 57species in india are endangered.how can I contribute to ecology from my side?

    • Atula says:

      Thank you Sam for your comment. We all can contribute simply by preserving the native species of animals and plants that already live in our locality. When they are protected, given a safe habitat to live, automatically the species is saved. I think we owe that much to our planet.

  • Jeet says:

    Hi!
    I would like to know about endangered species of Western Ghat; Can you provide such list or suggest a website which will help me to get detailed information about it?

  • carmelina says:

    thanx,this has helped me a lot but i think that you can add more of endangered plants
    thanks again.

  • jyoti says:

    hi i want to know is it illegal to keep star turtle at home as I am planning to keep one.

    • Atula says:

      Hi Jyoti, Thanks for writing to us. Yes, in India, it is illegal either to possess or trade the Indian Star Tortoise and the species is also legally protected in Sri Lanka and Pakistan too. It is listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) as a species that, while not currently endangered, is at a risk of becoming extinct. So better opt for a breed that can be kept as a pet, like fishes, cats, dogs etc.

  • Mohita says:

    Thank u mam for posting such a comprehensive list of the endangered fauna of india..Mam if u can post similar list on flora of india then it can be of great help in my upcoming competitive exams..

    • Atula says:

      Great to know Mohita that the list is of help to you. We would definitely post a list of flora too in the future. Do hope that you keep visitng the site…

  • anil says:

    Hi, thanks for the wonderful info. I have been gifted a turtle. I wish to make sure that i am not transgressing the law and would like to verify if the pet gifted to me can be kept as a pet at home. How do i get this done? Can you advice or put me on to somebody who can help.?
    Thanks
    Anil

    • Atula says:

      Hi Anil…most of the pet turtles sold in India are the red slider turtles that are initially very small in size, but can grow huge with time. They are banned as pets in India and many other countries. If these are the ones you have, you may give them to an animal rescue centre. Do find out what turtles you have and make an informed decision.

      • chetan says:

        Hi Atula, thanks a ton for this wonderful info. Actually I need some info. on already extinct species of animals and birds in INDIA.
        can you please help me out on this..

  • Dr. N.K.Sudeep Kumar says:

    Its indeed a great contribution and I congratulate you for the efforts made to provide information on endangered animal species. I am working as Professor in Madras Veterinary College, Chennai and our University proposes to publish a popular magazine to be circulated throughout the country. Kindly let me know if I can publish the details of endangered animals given by you in our magazine with due acknowledgement.

    • Atula says:

      Dear Dr. Kumar, It would be a pleasure for us, if you include information from this site, for your magazine. Please feel free to do so. Only request is, do mention the author’s name alongwith the website name or link of the article page. Our best wishes for your publication.

  • UMESH says:

    Hi madam

    Iam preparing for defence and as wel as civil serivice exam, i want to natural species of india,flora funa of india and world. please send me a list of all this so that i can learn and teach my elder cousins.
    my mail id is umesh9131@gmail.com

    regards
    umesh

    • Atula says:

      Hi Umesh, This website is an open journal for all who want more information about rare and endangered wildlife of India. Keep visitng and you will know a lot more everyday. i would also encourage your cousins to visit. India is home to almost 40,000 species of animals and 50,000 species of plants, it will therefore be practically not possible for me to send a list to you.

  • AMEEN.T says:

    Great site.Thanks Atula.it would be helpful if you provide the list of extinct animals(vertebrates) of India

    • Atula says:

      Ameen, thank you for your suggestion. We are working on the list and will provide it soon. Meanwhile, do keep visiting to learn more about endangered species.

  • Sanjay Patel says:

    thank for making a great effort to saving our nature thanks a lot once again ……..also helpful in enhancing knowledge bank………….thanks

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